What is Coronavirus ?

Coronavirus(CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-Cov).

Novel CoV (n-CoV) is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans.

From where did it all start?

On 31 December 2019, the WHO China Country Office was informed of cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan City, Hubei province of China. A novel CoV(2019-nCoV) was identified as the causative virus by Chinese authorities on 7 January 2020.

Briefs on Coronavirus:

  • Corornavirus are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Person to person transmission also may occur in some CoVs. Several known CoVs are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
  • Person to person transmission, usually occur after close contact with an infected patient, for example, in a household workplace, or health care centre.
  • Common Signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
  • Till date, there is no specific treatment for disease caused by a novel coronavirus. However, many of symptoms can be treated and therefore treatment based on patient’s clinical condition. Moreover, supportive care for infected persons can be highly effective.
  • Protection against the virus by;
  1. regular hand washing,
  2. covering mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing,
  3. thoroughly cooking meat and eggs.
  4. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness (coughing, sneezing, cold, flu like symptoms).
  5. Avoid unprotected contact with live farm or wild animal(use mask, gown, gloves for protection)


Accessed on Jan 27,2020.