Loperamide and its use in diarrheal cases

Loperamide is taken as fast relief from diarrheal cases but it should not be confused as a medicine to resupply the body with the minerals and water (electrolytes) lost during diarrhea, for that one should supplement the Loperamide with water or ORS (Oral rehydration Systems; might be home made or branded Jeevan Jal).

So what is it?

  • Well, it is a medicine which will slow down your Gastro Intestinal (GI) motility causing delayed defecation. Additionally drug will reduce fecal volume, increases the viscosity and reduces the further loss of electrolytes.

How much to take?

  • You as an adult can take 4mg of the medicine initially, which is generally two capsules or tablets as the medicine generally is present in 2mg formulation (capsule or tablet); followed by 2mg (1 Tablet or capsule) after each loose stool for maximum upto 5 days. But you should be aware not to take more than 16mg of loperamide in a day. 
  • Treatment in children is generally not recommended but you can administer children of 4-8 years 1mg 3 or 4 times daily for up to 3 days and for children 9-12 years: 2mg 4 times daily for up to 5 days.
  • Children below 4 years should not be given loperamide as safety and efficacy of drug has not been established for children below 4 years of age.
  • Safe use of drug during has not been established so the pregnant women should not be administered with the drug.

How to take?

Do not break the capsule or tablet; take as a whole with a glass of water before or after meal.

What to look out for?

Loperamide and its use in diarrheal cases

  • Nausea and vomiting

But it does not necessarily mean that you may feel the above mentioned side effects.

If you have any queries in the drug use it is best advised to contact your locally available pharmacist or other health professionals.

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Distension (abdominal discomfort)
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth